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Logistics "going out" still need to work hard

Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, China's economy and import and export trade have continued to increase. The consumption scale of nearly 1.4 billion people and the improvement of living standards have driven consumption upgrades and generated huge logistics needs. Provide sufficient supply and a broad market. At the same time, China's transportation industry encourages competition, Chinese and foreign transportation and logistics companies compete on the same stage, domestic transportation infrastructure develops tremendously, China's comprehensive transportation network is increasingly improving and more and more connected with the global sea, land and air transportation network China ’s development has increased market vitality and created favorable conditions for China ’s logistics services to improve efficiency and go global.
Huge logistics market
The development advantage of China's logistics industry lies in the huge scale of the logistics market. In 1978, China's freight volume was only 2.489 billion tons. By 2017, the national freight volume had reached 47.94 billion tons, an increase of 19.26 times in 40 years. Among them, road freight volume, railway freight volume, and port cargo throughput have ranked first in the world for many years. In 2017, the volume of express delivery business exceeded 40 billion pieces, and it continued to rank first in the world. Since 2016, the total cost of social logistics in China has exceeded 11 trillion yuan, and it has surpassed the United States to become the world's largest logistics market. At present, China's logistics industry employs more than 50 million people, accounting for 6.5% of the country's employees; the logistics industry provides jobs for China's labor force and makes important contributions to expanding employment.
Second is the structural upgrade of logistics demand to consumer services. During the first 30 years since the founding of New China to the reform and opening up, the transportation and logistics industry has focused on meeting the needs of industrial and agricultural production-oriented transportation and logistics services. With the development of social economy, improvement of people's livelihood and adjustment of economic structure, the characteristics of China's consumption-driven economic growth have become increasingly obvious in the past decade. In 2017, China's total retail sales of consumer goods was 36.62 trillion yuan, and the online retail sales for the year were 717.51 ​​billion yuan. Among them, the online retail sales of goods are 5,480.6 billion yuan, accounting for 15% of the total retail sales of consumer goods. Online retailing has become an important consumer force, and logistics services are mainly provided by express delivery companies. Referring to the historical experience of economic development in most countries, consumption upgrading is becoming the main driving force for China's sustained economic growth in the future, which also determines the general direction of China's logistics demand to upgrade to a consumer service structure.
The third is that the technological content of logistics operations continues to increase. In recent years, the annual market size of China's logistics companies in the big areas of logistics big data, logistics cloud, logistics model and logistics technology has exceeded 200 billion yuan. During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, the country implemented the "Internet +" strategy, more and more logistics companies have stepped up the transformation and upgrading of technical equipment, and the industry's informatization, automation, mechanization, and intelligence development trends are obvious. Technological progress has become one of the driving forces for improving the quality and efficiency of China's logistics industry in the new era. It has become an inevitable trend to use smart logistics to accelerate the transformation and upgrading of the industry.
Fourth, China's social logistics efficiency and the status of the logistics industry have steadily improved. During most of the period since the reform and opening up, China's logistics industry has been in extensive operation and long-distance management. The logistics market is too small, scattered, and chaotic, and the degree of socialization is low; disordered competition in logistics operations, running and leaking, serious pollution, and benefits Lowness has become the norm, leading to a large gap in social logistics efficiency between China and developed countries. Since the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", the country has put forward the requirements for China's economic development towards high quality in accordance with new changes in economic development and social needs. The logistics industry is continuously optimized according to the requirements of the adjustment of the national industrial structure. At the same time, the national and local governments continue to increase policy support for the logistics industry and reduce costs and increase efficiency, so that China's social logistics efficiency is steadily improved.
In 2017, China's total social logistics was 252.8 trillion yuan, calculated at comparable prices, an increase of 6.7% year-on-year, the growth rate increased by 0.6 percentage points over the same period last year. In the same year, the ratio of total social logistics expenses to GDP was 14.6%, a decrease of 0.3 percentage points from the same period last year. This is the sixth consecutive year of decline in China. In 2017, China's service industry accounted for 51.6% of GDP. According to estimates, for every 1% increase in the value added of the service industry to GDP, the ratio of total social logistics costs to GDP will fall by 0.3-0.4 percentage points. As the quality and efficiency of China's economy improves, the trend of China's social logistics efficiency has steadily increased. However, compared with the average level of total social logistics costs in developed countries accounting for about 8% of GDP, China's logistics industry still has a long way to go.
Since the reform and opening up, the industrial status of China's logistics industry has become increasingly important along with its role in national economic and social development, and it has been upgraded from the status of auxiliary industries in the past to the basic and strategic industries that support the development of the national economy. The development prospects of China's logistics industry are gratifying.
China-Europe trains continue to expand
China-Europe Train is organized by China Railway Corporation (hereinafter referred to as "Tieguan"), and relevant local governments and enterprises actively participate in it. It operates according to fixed trains, routes, schedules and full-time operation times. It operates in China and Europe and the "Belt and Road" Container international trains such as containers between countries along the route are important carriers for deepening economic and trade cooperation between China and the countries along the route and an important starting point for promoting the construction of the “Belt and Road” initiative.
There are three major advantages of the China-Europe train. Firstly, it can save time and transportation cost in transportation mode. For the international cargo transportation of many inland countries along the route away from the sea and ports, the use of the China-Europe train service will save time compared to the traditional maritime transportation, and save costs compared to air transportation. The second is to take the China-Europe train to instantly transform the geographical disadvantages of the central and western regions of China that were not conducive to economic development into an open highland and a frontier with international standards. The economic tentacles of China ’s inland regions such as Zhengzhou, Wuhan, Changsha, Chongqing, Sichuan (Chengdu), Xi’an, Yinchuan, Lanzhou, Urumqi, Kunming, Guiyang, which opened to the west, extended directly to Eurasia The coordinated development of the western economy and society. The third is to promote the joint development of Asia and Europe. The Asia-Europe continent has 75% of the world ’s population, and the regional GDP accounts for about 60% of the world ’s total. There is an active East Asian economic circle in the east and a developed European economic circle in the west. Countries along the “Belt and Road” have different resource endowments. With strong economic complementarity, China-Europe trains will continue to expand and deepen the economic and trade cooperation between China and Europe and the countries along the “Belt and Road”, and promote bilateral exchanges in various fields for common development.
At present, relying on the Siberian Continental Bridge and the New Eurasian Continental Bridge, China-Europe Trains have initially formed three West, Central and East transportation routes. Since the first trip in 2011, China-Europe trains have developed rapidly, the radiation range has expanded rapidly, the category of goods has gradually expanded, and the quality of the trip has been greatly improved. According to the information released by the official website of China Railway Administration, the number of China-Europe trains reached 3,600 in 2017, and the cumulative number of trains exceeded 6,300. By the end of August this year, the cumulative number of China-Europe trains has exceeded 10,000. The cities that have launched China-Europe trains in China have reached 37 cities and reached 43 cities in 15 countries in Europe. 85%. The brilliant "transcript" has already achieved the national plan's goal of "about 5000 trains by 2020 in the China-Europe train year".
China-Europe trains are still expanding, and will even attract new models of international cooperation. For example, countries such as Japan and South Korea, as maritime powerhouses, have proposed the idea and research activities of opening up a new road for the European transportation of products from Japan and South Korea via the China-Europe train through international rail-sea combined transport.
At present, China-Europe trains are still in the early stages of development, and the outstanding problems in operation are: unsmooth supply and demand, local competition for the supply of trains; the number of trains has increased explosively, and the utilization rate of some railway sections is close to saturation. The replacement facilities at the station yard cannot meet the transportation needs, the port is crowded, and the infrastructure and supporting facilities along the route are insufficient; the comprehensive transportation cost of the train is relatively high, and the level of customs clearance needs to be improved. The Chinese government and various localities attach great importance to these issues and are taking active measures to solve them. China and the countries along the route actively establish mechanisms for inter-governmental coordination and cooperation. Through various efforts, they will promote the stability of the China-EU class.
The rapid development of cross-border e-commerce
In the Internet era, cross-border e-commerce import and export has become a new model and new driving force for China's foreign trade development. The Ministry of Commerce predicts that the overall scale of China's cross-border e-commerce import and export transactions will reach 8.8 trillion yuan in 2018.
The reason why cross-border e-commerce is so popular and developing rapidly is because of the popularity of the Internet, it has obvious advantages over traditional foreign trade methods. One is low cost, high efficiency and convenience. Opening a company can be simple because of its ugliness. In operation, e-commerce can cross many inconvenient places in traditional trade (such as customs clearance, transactions, logistics, etc.), and use the "single window, electronic port" of cross-border e-commerce to greatly improve efficiency and quickly achieve bilateral trade. The second is to provide small and medium-sized enterprises with rapid access to international markets. In the past, the international trade market was dominated by large enterprises with strong capital and resources. In the future, with the help of e-commerce platforms, countless small and medium-sized businesses that are small businesses can also find business opportunities in the international market on an equal and convenient basis and quickly trade, which will not only It is conducive to the healthy development of global SMEs, increasing market vitality and fairness of competition. The greater significance is that SMEs are the majority of the enterprises and employment of all countries, and the foundation of social stability. The third is to satisfy the desire of individual consumers to buy all over the world without going abroad. The fourth is to promote the development of international logistics.
The main business models of cross-border e-commerce in China are: One is for enterprises, such as B2B, which occupies the bulk of e-commerce trade. The second is to serve consumers personally, such as B2C, C2C, etc., this part of the annual growth is very fast. The third is the cross-border e-commerce gathering area promoted by the government. For example, the cross-border e-commerce comprehensive test area approved by the state has currently reached three batches and 35 cities. The pilot has achieved positive results. For example, Hangzhou, as the first comprehensive cross-border e-commerce trial area in the country, has undergone a trial first, and the cross-border e-commerce transaction volume has rapidly increased from more than 100 million in 2014 to more than 60 billion yuan in 2017 , Cross-border e-commerce has become a new kinetic energy for the development of Hangzhou's foreign trade and a new engine for industrial transformation.
Many of these approved pilot cities are China ’s node cities that promote the “Belt and Road” initiative. They are available in the eastern and central and western regions, and most of them have launched China-Europe trains. By continuously expanding the pilot cities, the country requires cross-border e-commerce As a breakthrough, in logistics, warehousing, customs clearance and other aspects to further simplify the process, streamline approval, improve customs integration, information sharing and other supporting policies, continue to promote the opening up to the outside world, and promote the transformation and upgrading of foreign trade. The fourth is to replicate China's cross-border e-commerce model abroad, or to cooperate with Chinese and foreign e-commerce companies, and invest in shareholding operations. Now, the success of China's e-commerce model is attracting many countries to cooperate with large-scale e-commerce enterprises in China to jointly build this Chinese-style e-commerce service platform to promote the development of small and medium-sized enterprises and economies in their own countries and regions. The e-commerce model will continue to innovate in practice.
The rapid development of cross-border e-commerce is inseparable from the efficient service of cross-border logistics. The two industries have supported each other and have formed a strategic synergy relationship. At present, the main modes of China's cross-border e-commerce logistics are overseas warehousing, postal parcels, international express delivery, domestic express delivery and dedicated line logistics.
Chinese logistics companies should do their "homework" when going out
Standing on the starting line of China's new round of expansion and opening-up, in line with the tide of Chinese companies' international operation, the services of Chinese logistics companies also need to keep up, and going out is necessary, but we must work hard to do our "homework" in order to grasp Business opportunities, brave the market and achieve results.
One must be good at learning, starting from enhancing one's own comprehensive strength. At the moment of "going out", it is very important for Chinese logistics companies that want to learn about the development of international logistics leaders to learn from the development experience of international logistics leaders. First, we need to emancipate our minds, change our concepts, and accept and adapt to the new era of "Internet + economic globalization" as soon as possible. The open and win-win thinking that entrepreneurs and management must have. The business model of an enterprise must be innovative.
For example, in terms of hard power, multinational logistics companies have built a complete infrastructure, including hierarchical logistics hubs, global dispatched fleets, fleets, and warehousing, as well as the full use of rail, maritime resources and multimodal transport connections Technology, first-class information technology means, strong capital. In terms of soft power, there are mainly modern corporate governance system, sound talent introduction and training system, international market research and innovation capabilities, global inclusive corporate culture, complete customer service management system, good government and social public relations maintenance System etc. At present, most of China's logistics companies are still in the early stages of international operation development. Although there is a large gap compared with the industry's multinational giants, for many of the above-mentioned capabilities to adapt to the development of international logistics business, China's express logistics companies also need to have Staged efforts must also be available.
Second, we must gradually establish a global logistics network along the “Belt and Road”. It is foreseeable that for a long period of time in the future, the countries and regions along the “Belt and Road” will be the key areas for Chinese enterprises to “go global”, and will focus on manufacturing, construction, and transportation. "Going out" of these industries will generate a lot of demand for foreign-related logistics services. This is the best place for Chinese express logistics companies to accelerate the development of foreign-related comprehensive logistics services and transform and upgrade. At the same time, niche and decentralized cross-border online shopping express delivery services are also expanding in scale. Cross-border online shopping is dominated by small items and is a vast blue ocean. China's express logistics companies can start from here, and gradually establish a global logistics service network based on cross-border business flows, passenger flows and country conditions, from near to far.
Third, we must strengthen cooperation between government and enterprises. The "going out" of Chinese enterprises is an important part of the strategy of expanding the open country, and the role of escorts by government departments has become increasingly important. During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, we must deepen the reform of government departments, accelerate the transformation of functions, build a service-oriented government, solve problems for the development of market players at home and abroad, and create a better environment. It should also be noted that neither the market nor the enterprise is a panacea. The common difficulties they encounter should be led by the government to solve them. Only when the government and enterprise cooperate closely, coordinate with each other, and work together can we sing the "going out" drama.