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Logistics industry breaks through "Internet +"
With about 15 million large trucks, more than 30 million truck drivers, and more than half of China's land freight volume, China's massive logistics industry is relying on "Internet +" to accelerate transformation and upgrade and high-quality development.
At the 2019 National Commercial Vehicle Internet of Things Innovation and Development Conference and the "New Format and New Technology" Transportation and Freight Summit Forum held today (31st), Yu Xingyuan, Director of the Freight and Logistics Management Department of the Transportation Service Department of the Ministry of Transportation, introduced the Ministry of Transportation The national road freight vehicle public supervision and service platform will play a role in strengthening safety supervision, promoting cost reduction and efficiency, caring for truck drivers, etc., and making full use of Internet means to promote the transformation and upgrading of the freight logistics industry and high-quality development.
"The logistics industry has become the best incubator for new technologies, new models, and new formats. The energy of science and technology as a catalyst is being fully demonstrated." Hu Yadong, president of the China Transportation Association, said at the forum, especially the new Internet represented by "Internet +" The deep integration of technology, new models, new business forms and the logistics industry will further empower the development of the logistics industry.
For many years, due to the low threshold, China's freight market has been an over-competitive, inefficient, fragmented, and under-informed market. Traffic expert Cai Yuhe said that in the long-term extensive development, the road freight industry has accumulated more contradictions, and the low efficiency of transportation organizations and the high unit transportation costs are still "shortcomings" that need to be completed.
As an important part of the logistics industry, the road freight market is huge. Statistics of the logistics industry of the Chinese Internet of Things show that in the first three quarters of this year, the total social logistics in the country was 215.9 trillion yuan, which was an increase of 5.7% year-on-year in terms of comparable prices. The growth rate was 1 percentage point lower than the same period of the previous year and 0.4% lower than the first half percentage point. The prosperity index of China's logistics industry averaged 52.1%, which was in the expansion range for 7 consecutive months.
In the first three quarters, the total cost of social logistics was 10.2 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 7.5%, a decrease of 1.1 percentage points from the same period of the previous year and a decrease of 0.5 percentage points from the first half of the year. The ratio of total social logistics expenses to GDP was 14.7%. Although it fell 0.1 percentage point from the whole year of 2018, it increased by 0.1 percentage point from the same period last year and the first half of this year. Since the beginning of this year, the weak profitability of enterprises in the logistics industry is still prominent, and the difficulties and pressures for the development of the industry are greater. The logistics industry is a composite service industry integrating transportation, warehousing, freight forwarding, and information industries.
According to experts, the scale of the insurance market for operating trucks is nearly 200 billion yuan. But for a long time, insurance companies have only been able to roughly distinguish the risk costs of vehicles based on such factors as vehicle type, vehicle series, brand, tonnage, and service life. They also cannot understand and intervene in driving risks in a timely manner, which makes the operation of truck insurance business embarrassing.
Cai Yuhe believes that in the future, new formats and models such as "Internet +" should be fully utilized to promote the intensive integration of "multiple, small, and scattered" freight resources, and accelerate the promotion of industry transformation and upgrading and high-quality development.
In recent years, a number of innovative products driven by high technology have continuously emerged in the field of logistics. Xia Shudong, chairman of Beijing Zhongjiao Xinglu Information Technology Co., Ltd. (referred to as "Zhongjiao Xinglu"), said that with the rise of new technologies such as 5G, blockchain, Internet of Things, and cloud computing, commercial vehicle networking has ushered in new Development opportunities.
At the forum, China Communications Xing Road and Ping An Insurance jointly released the first domestic freight insurance based on the differentiated pricing of the driving behavior of the owners-UBI Network Freight Logistics Liability Insurance; Alibaba Cloud also developed an "intelligent cloud" with industry companies The plan not only realizes accurate car-finding and cargo-seeking, and visual tracking of the entire order, but also shortens the time for trucks to wait for goods and the empty return rate.
The first financial reporter noted that innovations and changes in the logistics field have been favored by the capital market. On October 30, Zhongjiao Xing Road WeChat Public claimed to be "a new round of financing, the investor is Sunshine Insurance". The financing will be used to strengthen the company's investment in big data and artificial intelligence. In December 2018, CCCC Xing Road received 700 million yuan in Series A financing led by Ant Financial and Beijing Internet of Vehicles Industry Development Fund.
The "Several Opinions on Promoting Supply-side Structural Reform and Promoting the" Reduction of Costs and Efficiency "in the Logistics Industry" ("19 Articles of Transportation and Logistics") issued by the Ministry of Transport proposed that by 2020, economic, convenient, efficient and high-quality transportation will be basically built The transportation logistics service system supports about 150 freight hubs (logistics parks) and about 3,000 kilometers of key port gathering and distributing railways and highways, and has cultivated a number of large-scale, networked platform-type logistics enterprises. In the pilot of vehicle carriers, the standardized rate of heavy-duty trucks such as vehicle transporters has reached 80%.
In September this year, the "Outline for the Construction of a Powerful Country" issued by the Party Central Committee and the State Council clearly stated that it should actively create a green and efficient modern logistics system, develop "Internet +" efficient logistics, and accelerate the development of new formats and models.
Yu Xingyuan said that at present, the Ministry of Transport is deepening reforms to promote cost reduction and efficiency gains, structural adjustment to promote green development, network freight forwarding to promote innovative development, vehicle model standardization to promote safe development, and driver home to improve the environment for truck drivers. Speed up the establishment of a safe, efficient, green and low-carbon logistics and transportation service system.
In order to regulate the healthy development of the new logistics business, the Ministry of Transport recently issued the "Interim Measures for the Management of Network Platform Road Freight Transport Operations" and three supporting guides. "Next, the Ministry of Transport will also guide all regions to speed up network freight transport. The construction of the monitoring system will further regulate the operation of the new format. "Yu Xingyuan said.